'''John Zerzan''' (, ; born August 10, 1943) is an American anarchism|anarchist
philosopher and author. His works criticize agricultural civilization
as inherently oppressive, and advocate drawing upon the ways of life of hunter-gatherer
s as an inspiration for what a free society should look like. Some subjects of his criticism include domestication
, Anarcho-primitivism#Critique of symbolic culture|symbolic thought
(such as mathematics
) and the concept of time.
His six major books are ''Elements of Refusal'' (1988), ''Future Primitive and Other Essays
'' (1994), ''Running on Emptiness'' (2002), ''Against Civilization: Readings and Reflections
'' (2005), ''Twilight of the Machines'' (2008), and ''Why hope? The Stand Against Civilization'' (2015).